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How HST Affects You In 12 Areas‏

HST? - How It Affects 12 Matters In Ontario
Real Estate

Beginning July 1, 2010, there will be sales tax in Ontario
of 5% + 8% = 13% (12% in British Columbia) replacing
the former 5% GST (Goods and Services Tax) and the
former 8% PST (Provincial Sales Tax).

1) HST and  Mortgage Brokerage Fees (to arrange
a mortgage, if one uses a Mortgage Broker)

HST will not apply since mortgage brokerage services are
exempt as part of the financial services industry.

2) HST on Real Estate Commissions

Generally, HST will be payable on commissions for any
real estate sale closed after July 1, 2010.  However, the
general transitional rule (for sale contracts entered into
before July 1, 2010), is if at least 90% of the services
were performed prior to July 1, 2010, only 5% GST is
payable (no PST).  If an offer to purchase real estate was
accepted prior to July 1, 2010, then the realtor services
were performed prior to July 1, 2010, and only 5% GST
should be payable even though the realtor’s commission
is not due for payment until the sale has closed after July
1, 2010. Warning to sellers: If, prior to July 1, 2010, a
seller is about to accept an offer to purchase (which will
close after July 1, 2010), the seller should clarify
in writing with the realtor that only GST will be payable
on commissions due on a sale closing after July 1, 2010.

3) HST and Rents Paid by Tenants

For residential tenancies, HST will not apply to such rents. 
For commercial tenancies (industrial, office or retail), HST
will be charged on rents paid after July 1, 2010 (but most
commercial tenants qualify to recover such HST payments
through input tax credits).

4) HST and Condominium Monthly Maintenance Fees

For residential condominiums, HST will not apply on
monthly common expenses,  but HST is payable for
commercial (retail), office, industrial) condo common
expenses paid on or after July 1, 2010 (most commercial
condo owners  qualify to recover such HST payments
through input tax credits).


For any part of services (labour and materials) provided
after July 1, 2010 (no matter when a contract for
renovations of a residence was signed), the part performed
or provided after July 1, 2010, will be subject to HST.


HST will not be payable on the price if the property sold
by the seller and bought by the buyer is personal use
property.  However, if the seller had been renting out the
property more than 50% of the time during the seller’s
ownership, the price will likely be subject to HST.  If the
property being sold was part of a rental pool, HST will
apply.  Consult your tax accountant.


There will be no HST on the price of resale residential
purchases.  Note: Resale residential purchases will
therefore become a much more attractive investment
(rather than buying from a builder) particularly when one
considers that builder prices will result in 13% HST
(whether built into the price or being structured in
addition to the price by some builders in Ontario). 
Builder prices also must include higher increased current
costs of labour, materials and land costs as well as
substantial municipal levies and educational levies 
plus sizable closing adjustments (often being hidden by
builders in the fine print of many pages in a builder’s
agreement), all of which are not payable by a buyer /
investor who purchases resale residential property.
(Think about it!)


If a residence being purchased has been “substantially
renovated”, it will be treated in the same manner as
buying new construction from a builder and HST will
generally apply to the price paid.  See Canada Revenue
Agency (CRA) Bulletin B-092 which states that a
“substantial renovation”, in  effect, refers to a renovation
where at least 90% of the interior of a building
(excluding the foundation, external walls, internal
supporting walls, roof, floors and staircases) has been
removed or replaced.

BUILDINGS (Multi-Unit Residential)

No HST will be payable on the price of a resale apartment
building (multi-unit residential).  If part of such a building is
commercial, the purchase price must be reasonably
apportioned between the part of the building that is
residential resale (HST exempt) and the other part of the
building that has a commercial component, which part will
be subject to HST.

PROPERTIES (new or resale commercial properties
closing after July 1, 2010 no matter when an offer
was signed)

HST will apply to the purchase price; however, typically,
buyers who obtain a GST registration prior to closing
(must be registered for GST in the same manner as
ownership will be taken) will not need to pay the HST on
closing provided:

(a) a GST registration is obtained prior to the closing date


(b) the buyer signs an appropriate undertaking in the
lawyer’s office to become self-assessed.

Note: Watch out for the purchase of office condominiums,
industrial condominiums, and retail condominiums, the
price for which will be subject to HST (being subject to
only GST on the price for closings prior to July 1, 2010).


(a) Farmland
HST will typically apply to the price of such land if farm
land is sold alone; however, if the land is sold as part of
a farming business, it can be treated differently.  Consult
your tax accountant.

(b) Building Lot
HST will typically apply to the price when the seller is
involved in a commercial real estate activity; however,
some lot sale prices might be exempt from HST if the
seller is not engaged in a real estate commercial activity.

(c) Personal Use Of Vacant Land
No HST is payable if an individual sells personal use
vacant land (which would have been exempt from GST).


(a) Builder’s Agreement Prior to June 19, 2009
No HST is payable if an offer to purchase from a builder
was accepted prior to June 19, 2009 (only GST will
apply; however, most builders include GST inside the sale
price).  Note: Buying by way of an assignment (where the
builder sale agreement was signed prior to June 19, 2009)
becomes attractive!

(b) Builder’s Agreement Accepted after June 18,

If an offer to purchase from a builder was accepted after
June 18, 2009 and either occupancy closing (for a new
condo purchase) or final closing occurs prior to July 1,
2010, HST is not  payable;  HST  is  payable  if both 
occupancy (in a new condo purchase) and final closing
occur after July 1, 2010.

(c) If Builder’s Agreement Silent about HST
If an offer to purchase from a builder was accepted after
June 18, 2009 and failed to make reference to HST, the
sale price includes Ontario’s 8% PST component of the
HST if it is payable (which means that the builder must
pay the PST and cannot charge it to the buyer).

(d) GST Rebate (calculated on the 5% GST part of
the 13% HST)
Typically, most builders include the GST component of
HST (being 5%) in the sale price based on the government
GST rebate being assigned from the buyer to the builder
(such GST rebate being 36% of the GST payable on the
first $350,000.00 which is reduced to NIL as the price
increases from $350,000.00 to $450,000.00, there being
no GST rebate after $450,000.00).

Note: In order for the GST rebate to be assigned to the
builder by the buyer, the buyer must qualify by the buyer
or an immediate family member living in the unit.  If not
qualifying (such as an investor who will be renting out the
unit), the rebate cannot be assigned to the builder and the
builder will charge the cost of such unassignable rebate to
the buyer on closing in addition to the purchase price,
which results in the buyer being forced to make a separate
application to the federal government to recover such
rebate.  To qualify for recovery of such rebate, the investor
must own the unit for at least one year and reasonably
expect to rent the unit to the initial tenant for one year. 
An investor need not wait the year to apply for and obtain
the rebate but if the government later discovers that
ownership was less than one year, the government might
seek to recover the rebate paid to the investor.

(e) PST Rebate (calculated on the 8% PST
Component of the 13% HST)

WarningAll builder agreements should be reviewed by
a lawyer either before a buyer signs an offer or during
any available cooling off period since some builder
agreements require buyers to pay the 8% PST (or the
Net PST) component of the HST in addition to the
purchase price.

Regarding a PST rebate, only 75% of the 8% PST
component of the HST is refundable to a buyer on
the part of the purchase price that is up to $400,000.00
(being newly constructed from a builder since there is 
no HST on resale residential property).  There is no
government rebate on the 8% PST for the part of 
any price that exceeds $400,000.00!  This means that
75% of 8% (being 6%) is refundable by the government
and 25% of 8% (being 2%) is not on the first
$400,000.00 of price.

Example: If the price from a builder is $500,000.00,
the gross 8% PST component of the HST would be
$40,000.00, but since the government offers a rebate
of 75% of the 8% PST on the first $400,000.00, this
will effectively (for a qualifying buyer whose immediate
family member will be living in the unit) reduce the PST
to 2% on the first $400,000.00 to $8,000.00.  Since
there is no PST rebate for that part of the price over
$400,000.00, 8% is charged on the next $100,000.00
being a further $8,000.00 which means (for a qualified
buyer who can assign the rebate to the builder) that the
total net PST payable is $16,000.00.  If the net PST is
not included in the price of $500,000.00, the price plus
net PST payable becomes $516,000.00.  The gross 8%
PST on $500,000.00 is $40.000.00 but (due to the
rebate of $24,000.00 on the first $400,000.00) the net
PST payable is $16,000.00.

Note: If the builder’s agreement requires the Net PST to
be paid by the buyer, the buyer pays $16,000.00 on top
of the price.  If the builder’s agreement states that the Net
PST is included in the price (as GST is typically with most
builders), the price remains $500,000.00.  Watch out!

Caution: An investor-buyer who will rent out the unit will 
not qualify for assignment of PST rebate to the builder
and, therefore, on closing, must pay the purchase price
of $500,000.00 plus the gross PST of $40,000.00
(being a total of $540,000.00) and then, after closing
apply to the government for the rebate of $24,000.00
to be received if the investor qualifies (must be owning
for one year and rent to a tenant who is reasonably
expected to live in the unit for one year, although the
rebate application can be made as soon as the
purchase from the builder is closed).

(f) Qualifying  for a Rebate (GST or PST) when
Buying from a Builder

In order to qualify for GST or PST rebates, the property
purchased from a builder must be intended to be a
primary place of residence, which means that if a person
has more than one residence in the world, (in order to
qualify for the rebate) the unit must be the main place
of residence and not a secondary residence.

Also, the residence purchased must be used as a primary
place of residence (as stated above) by the buyer or a
relation of the buyer.  Relation of the buyer includes an
individual who is related by blood, marriage, adoption or
common law (including a former spouse or a former
common law partner).  Blood relation is limited to parents,
siblings, children, grandchildren but does not include
cousins, uncles or aunts.

(g) Additional Transitional PST rebate for
NON-CONDOMINIUM Builder Purchase (where
part of construction was done as of July 1, 2010)
If HST is payable on a newly constructed home (not a
condominium) and if construction of the residence was 
at least 10% complete as of July 1, 2010, a transitional

PST rebate of up to 2% of the sale price can be claimed
on the PST component of the HST as follows:

% Completed As Of July 1, 2010

Portion Of 2% Of Price To Be Refunded

10% - 24%


25% - 49%


50% - 74%


75% - 89%


90% - 100%


Example: If buying a freehold townhouse, a semi-detached
or a detached from a builder for $500,000.00 where
construction was 95% complete on July 1, 2010 and
closing occurs on July 15, 2010, PST rebate for qualified
buyer will be:

(i) 75% of 8% on the first $400,000.00 =  $24,000.00
(ii) 100% of 2% on $500,000.00  =  $10,000.00
Total rebates      $34,000.00

Instead of paying a gross PST of 8% on $500,000.00
being $40,000.00, the rebates of $34,000.00 would
reduce the net PST payable to $6,000.00.  The question
is whether such Net PST is included or not included in the
purchase price from the builder according to the terms
of the builder’s agreement!

Note: The PST transitional rebate of up to 2% of the
purchase price can only be obtained if:

(i) HST is payable on the price where the builder’s
agreement was accepted after June 18, 2009 and
closes after July 1, 2010;

(ii) the purchase is for new residential construction which
is not a condominium;

(iii) construction is at least 10% complete as of July 1, 2010;

(iv) a certificate is obtained on closing from the builder
stating the percentage of completion of construction as
of July 1, 2010.  Note: the builder is not required to provide
this to a buyer unless the terms of the purchase agreement
with the builder requires such a certificate to be provided;


(v) an application for a transitional PST rebate is filed with
the government by July 1, 2014.


Ontario has proposed transitional rules that assist businesses
in the transition to a Harmonized Sales Tax (HST).  For
more information on the transitional rules for the HST, please
call Canada Revenue Agency (CRA):

For Personal property and services - 1 (800) 959-5525
For Real property - 1 (800) 959-8287

To speak with an information officer about the introduction
of the HST in Ontario, please call 1 (800) 337-7222 or
1 (800) 263-7776.